Spelling simplified

    • Spelling simplified

      As follows i will introduce to you a Plan for the Imporvement of English Spelling by Mark Twain. Notice that as the plan suggests something, it get to be implemented in the rest of the paragraph. Here is the plan

      In Year 1 that useless letter ‘c’ would be dropped to be replased either by ‘k’ or ‘s’, and likewise ‘x’ would no longer be part of the alphabet. The only kase in which ‘c’ would be retaind would be the ‘ch’ formation, which will be dealt with later. Year 2 might reform ‘w’ spelling, so that ‘which’ and ‘one’ would take the same consonant, wile Year 3 might well abolish ‘y’ replasing it with ‘I’ and Iear 4 might fiks the ‘g/j’ anomaly wonse and for all

      Jernerally, then, the improvement would kontinue iear bai iear with Iear 5 doing away with useless double consonants, and Iears 6-12 or so modifaiing vowlz and the rimeining voist and unvoist consonants. Bai Iear 15 or sou, it wud fainali bi posibl tu meik ius ov thi ridandant letez ‘c’, ‘y’ and ‘x’- bai now jast a memori in the maindz ov ould doderez – tu riplais ‘ch’, ‘sh’, and ‘th’ rispektivli

      Fainali, xen, aafte sam 20 iers ov orxogrefkl riform, wi wud hev a lojikl, kohirnt speling in ius xrewawt xe Ingliy-spiking werld
    • Here are a few words about Mark Twain

      He was the pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Having travelled to France, Italy and the Middle East in 1867 he wrote The Innocents Abroad and established himself as a humourist. He later wrote the classics The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, basing them on his won boyhood experiences
    • Thanks for your comment Miss Spoon. As for the spelling mistakes you mentioned, well, the topic originally written by Mark Twain, was like this. I made a note that as he suggests something in his plan, it is directly implemented in the rest of the paragraph. For example, when said that the letter 'c' should be dropped and instead use 'k' or 's', for the rest of the paragraph, all the words that has the letter 'c' in them were replaced with either an 's' or a 'k'. I guess instead of making spelling simplified, the plan made rather more complicated
    • ooooh yeah, I get it now:D

      It is really confussed at first when you read it but when I read it again i noticed all the changes he made in all the owrds that he just wrote it in his passage:D

      Thanks alot for this topic

      By the way master this week I was reading some articles and between these article there was one for Twain Mark$$e
      and I thought that how wonderful to remember this writer

      I believe that i will never forget him:eek: but until now i didn;t read his article,,So when i will read it I'm going to tell you about his article|a

      See u all
    • Thank u Master for this important topic.
      spelling in English is veru confusing as miss spoon said. however, there are some rules that might help when we consider them while writing. for those who are interested in knowing theserules i would present them gradually.
      1- Spelling of joined- up words:
      joined up words like disappear are made in three ways.
      1: prefix + word = new word
      dis + appear = disappear

      2: word + suffix = new word
      keen + ness = keenness

      3: word + word = new word
      with + hold = withhold
      when joinning words together, we have to remember a very
      important thing
      REMEMBER: never add or subtract a letter at the join.
      So keen + ness = keenness two "n"
      with + hold = withhold two "h"

      (prefix) un + (word) necessary = unnecessary
      (word) speech + (suffix) less = speechless
      (word) over + (word) ride = override

      that was the first rule and I will write u the other rules when i have free time....bye
    • 2- -ie- or -ei- (sounding e)
      thief ......i before e
      receive...e before i

      this rhyme will help u to get those 2 letters the right way round:
      I BEFORE E

      i before e achieve (ie sounded e and don't follow c)

      e before i ( ei sooounded e and they follow c)

      there are some exception for this rule like the word seize
    • here are some other rules about spelling
      I hope that you will find it useful

      "q" is always written as "qu". It never stands by itself. e.g. quick, queen, quarrel.

      We double "l, f, and s" after a single short vowel at the end of a word. e.g. call, tall, toss, miss, stiff, stuff.
      Exceptions: us, bus, gas, if, of, this, yes, plus, nil, pal.

      Regular plurals are made by adding "s". e.g. animals, horses, monkeys, and cliffs.

      The sound of "ee" on the end of a word is nearly always "y". Exceptions: committee and coffee.

      "y" and not "i" is used at the end of an English word and is usually pronounced as a short "i". Exceptions: macaroni, spaghetti, vermicelli (Italian), and taxi (short for taxicab).

      A silent "e" on the end of a word makes the vowel in front say its own alphabetic name. e.g. hate, ride, cube, bake, shire, mare, lobe.
      Exceptions: done, come, some, give and have.
    • "
      ck" may only be used after a single vowel that does not say its name at the end of a syllable or root word. e.g. track, pick, rocket, wreckage.

      To form plurals of words with a hissing ending, add "es". i.e.after "s, x, z, sh, and ch".
      e.g. buses, foxes, buzzes, wishes and churches.

      Words ending in an "o" preceded by a consonant usually add "es" to form the plural. e.g. potatoes, volcanoes.
      Exceptions: pianos, solos, Eskimos

      Nouns ending in a single "f" change the "f" to a "v" before adding "es" to form the plural. e.g. leaf – leaves; wolf – wolves.
      Exceptions: dwarfs, roofs, chiefs.

      If a word ends in a consonant plus "y", change the "y" to and "i", before adding any ending. Except: "ing". e.g.
      party – parties;
      heavy – heaviness
      marry – married;
      funny – funnily
      carry – carriage;
      pretty – prettier
      but; cry – crying;
      hurry – hurrying

    • When "w" comes before "or" it often says "wer" as "worm". e.g. worship, worst, worth, work.
      Exceptions: worry, worried, wore.

      Words ending in both a single vowel and a single consonant always double the last consonant before adding an ending. e.g. stop, stopped, stopping.
      flat, flatter, flattest.
      swim, swimmer, swimming.
      Exceptions: fix, box, fox, mix. "x" is the same as "ck"; that is it counts as a double consonant ending.

      When "c" is followed by "e", "i" or "y", it says "s". Otherwise it says "k". e.g. centre, ceiling, circle, cycle.
      cottage, cave, cream, curious, clever.

      When "g" is followed by "i", "e" or "y", it says "j". Otherwise it says "g" as in gold. e.g. gentle, giant, gymnastic.
      gallon, gold, guide, glass, grow.
      Exceptions: get, got, begin, girl, give, gear, geese, gift, girth, geyser, giddy.

      Drop the final "e" from a root word before adding an ending beginning with a vowel, but keep it before a consonant. e.g. love, loving, lovely.
      drive, driving, driver.
      settle, settled, settling.
      grace, graceful.

      "ti", "ci" and "si" are three spellings most frequently used to say "sh" at the beginning of all syllables except the first. e.g. national, patient, palatial, infectious.
      gracious, ancient, musician, fiancial.
      session, admission, mansion, division.
      Exceptions: "ship" as a suffix, e.g. "worship".
    • This rule mastre has already talk about it in the top
      but i would like again to sahre it with you so we could not forget it:D
      "i" comes before "e" when it is pronounced "ee", except when it follows "c" – or when sounding like "a" as in "neighbour, or weigh". e.g. brief, field, priest.
      receive, deceive, ceiling.
      Exceptions: neither, foreign, sovereign, seized, counterfeit, forfeited, leisure.

      "all" and "well" followed by another syllable only have one "l". e.g. also, already, although, welcome, welfare.

      "full" and "till" joined to another root syllable, drop one "l". e.g. useful, cheerful, until.

      Almost no English words end in "v" and none in "j". Since publishing this page on the Web, Alistair Ewan of the University of East Anglia has reminded us of the word "spiv".

      For words ending in a single "l" after a single vowel, double the "l" before adding a suffix, regardless of accent. e.g. cancelled, traveller, signalling, metallic.

      If a word of more than one syllable ends in a "t", preceded by a single vowel, and has the accent on the last syllable, then double the final consonant. e.g. permit; permitted.
      admit; admitted.
      regret; regretted.
      But, if the accent is on the first syllable, don’t double the "t". e.g. visit; visited.
      benefit; benefited

    • "
      ous" at the end of a word often means "full of". e.g. famous: full of fame.
      glorious; full of glory.
      gracious, ridiculous, furious, dangerous.

      "al" at the end of a word often means "to do with". e.g. musical:to do with music.
      criminal:to do with crime.
      historical:to do with history.

      "er" or "or" endings. The most common everyday words end in "er". e.g. baker, painter, teacher.
      If in doubt, use "or", when the meaning of the word is "one who" or "that which". e.g. author, director, instructor, indicator, conveyor, escalator.

      "ery" or "ary" endings. Words ending in "ery" are often obvious. e.g. very, brewery, flattery, bakery, nursery.
      If in doubt, use "ary". e.g. dictionary, secretary, commentary, stationary.

      Seven words ending in "ery" that might cause trouble. e.g. distillery, confectionery, millinery, cemetery, dysentery, monastery, stationery (paper).

      "ise", "ize" or "yse" endings. Most of these words end in "ise". e.g. sunrise, surprise, supervise, exercise, disguise, unwise, surmise, advertise.
      Only two common words end in "yse". i.e. analyse and paralyse.

      Only two common words end in "ize". i.e. prize and capsize.

      "ceed", "sede" and "cede". Three "ceed" words; succeed, exceed, proceed.
      One "sede" word; supersede.
      All others "cede" e.g.intercede, antecede, precede.

    • "[
      COLOR=blue]able" or "ible" endings.

      Use "able": After root words. e.g. available, dependable.

      After root words ending in "e". e.g. desirable, believable, usable (drop the "e").

      After "i". e.g. reliable, sociable.

      When other forms of the root word have a dominant "a" vowel. e.g. irritable, durable, abominable.

      After a hard "c" or "g". e.g. educable, practicable, navigable.

      Exceptions: formidable, inevitable, memorable, probable, portable, indomitable, insuperable.

      Use "ible" After non-root words. e.g. audible, horrible, possible.

      When the root has an immediate "ion"form. e.g. digestible, suggestible, convertible.

      After a root ending in "ns" or "miss". e.g. responsible, comprehensible, permissible.

      After a soft "c" or "g". e.g. legible, negligible, forcible, invincible.

      Exceptions: contemptible, resistible, collapsible, flexible.